Morris County Library > NJ Collection > Morris Mining

Summer School of Practical Mining

Dover, NJ 1880
Bridget Smith House

a miner's home, Mine Hill, NJ
Split Rock Furnace

Rockaway, NJ
Photos from NJ, Mine Hill and Rockaway Historical Societies.
Mining in Morris County dates to the early 18th century, continuing for over 200 years. Iron forges in Roxbury and Randolph are said to have supplied the Revolutionary Army while Washington wintered at Jockey Hollow--and miners reunions were held as recently as 2004. These non-circulating materials are in our New Jersey collection.

The 1880 US Census reports population living at various Morris County mines: Teabo, Richard, Franklin & Swede, Upper and Lower Hibernia. Maps of the mines, NJ Dept Environment Protection

Accidents: the NJ Bureau of Statistics of Labor and Industry Annual reports 1878-1912 include descriptions of accidents in the mines and the names of those badly wounded or killed. Reports for 1913-1917 include accident statistics, but no names. About St Patrick's Cemetery, Rockaway

Technical publications
State of New Jersey, Dept. of Labor and Industry, Division of Workplace Standards, Office of Safety Compliance,
Abandoned iron mines of .... [These are technical descriptions of the mines: years and materials mined, depths of seams, presence of water, etc.]

Chester Borough and Chester Township. 1979
Jefferson & Rockaway townships .. by T.K. Shea & M.R. Pustay ; field work assisted by R. Ramage. 1992.
Kinnelon, Boonton, Montville & Riverdale townships. 1992.
Mt. Olive, Roxbury, Mt. Arlington Townships. 1978.
Rockaway Township. 1978.
Washington Township. 1977.
Mine Hill Twp. / by T.K. Shea & M.R. Pustay. 1979
Mine Hill, Randolph Township & Wharton Boro. 1989. [After a mine shaft collapse in Mine Hill, the area was resurveyed by the state.]

New Jersey Geological Survey. Abandoned mines of New Jersey / compiled by New Jersey Geological Survey staff, 1983-1993 ; cartography by Z. Allen-Lafayette and W. Graff. 1994.
Porter, Richard L., A history of the Richard mine property, RBA Group, 1989.

Historical works
Boyer, Charles Shimer, Early forges & furnaces in New Jersey, University of Pennsylvania Press, 1931.
Forging the future : the iron industry of Morris County, Morris County Historical Society, 2004.
The Iron Era, 1872-1905: newspaper of the mining communities, digitized by the Rockaway Twp Library
Lowenthal, Larry. Chester's iron heyday, Chester Historical Society, c1980.
Lowenthal, Larry. Iron mine railroads of northern New Jersey, Tri-State Railway Historical Society, c1981.
Lenik, Edward J. Iron mine trails, New York-New Jersey Trail Conference, 1996.
Bayley, William Shirley, Iron mines and mining in New Jersey, MacCrellish & Quigley, state printers, 1910.
Scrub Oaks Mine (Mine Hill, NJ), online slide show from
Irwin, Richard T., "Forges and furnances," A History of Randolph Township, 1st ed., 1976
Kury, Theodore. The Highlands iron industry during the Revolutionary period : an address, [Washington Association of New Jersey], 1972.
Dunn, Pete J. Mine Hill in Franklin, and Sterling Hill in Ogdensburg, Sussex County, New Jersey : mining history, 1765-1900 : final report, P.J. Dunn, c2002-
Weiss, Harry B. (Harry Bischoff), The old copper mines of New Jersey, Past Times Press, 1963.
Hanson, Kenneth R. Port Oram circa 1882 : a New Jersey iron town, Hanson Press, 1995, c1981.
Chapters 1-4 and 6: NJ ore and anthracite iron; Ores, mining and miners; Irondale and Orchard mines; Forge, Furnace and Forge; Iron as a business.
Morrell, Brian H. A rich vein of iron information : an annotated bibliography of documentary reference materials relating to the Picatinny Arsenal Area Ironworks and the historic iron industry of Morris County, New Jersey , North Jersey Highlands Historical Society, 1998.
Rutsch, Edward S. The story of ironmaking bloomery forges at Picatinny Arsenal, for the U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Waterways Experiment Station, 1999.

Personal papers
Vail, Stephen, 1780-1864. [Journal, March 9, 1825-June 20, 1864] [microform]
Tuttle-Hoff papers, 1761-1891, 1920, 1942, n.d. [microform] : a register in the Local History department of the Joint Free Public Library of Morristown and Morris Township, The Library, 1982. (At Morristown/township Library.
Records of the Suckasunny Mining Co. (Roxbury) are found in the Canfield-Dickerson family papers, NJ Historical Society.

See also
Guide to the Morris Canal & Banking Company microfilm collection, Division of Archives and Records Management, New Jersey Dept. of State, 1995, and Records of the Morris Canal and Banking Company, 1828-1971 [microfilm, 81 rolls]

In library, see county atlases, 1868 and 1887. Online, see Rutgers University 19th century Morris maps(especially map of Morris mines, 1867 and Hibernia mine, 1855) and the NJ Dept Environmental Protection mapping of abandoned mines of New Jersey.

Historical Societies
State Historical Society
County Historical Society and County Heritage Commission
Boonton Historical Society (NJ Mining Company)
Chester Historical Society
Dover Area Historical Society P.O. Box 609, Dover, NJ 07802-0609; Tel (973) 366-8266/366-0629; Fax 537-0718
Ferromonte Historical Society, Mine Hill
Netcong (Port Oram): Musconetcong Foundrymen Historical Society P.O. Box 104, Netcong, NJ 07857; Tel (973) 347-3728/ (973) 691-7448
The Musconetcong Foundrymen Historical Society promotes an awareness of the history of Netcong and Port Morris in Morris County and Stanhope in Sussex County, with a particular emphasis on the local iron industry and the Morris Canal.
Historical Society of Old Randolph (Canfield and King Mines)
Historical Society of the Rockaways
Roxbury Township Historical Society, PO Box 18, Succasunna, NJ 07876. tel# 973-584-6931 or 973-584-2676.
Society for Industrial Archaeology, Robling Chapter Has located 120 mining/forge sites around the county. Locally, call (973) 463-3481 afternoons and early evenings, Bierce Riley
Wharton Historical Society

See also, in Sussex County, Sterling Hill, a mining museum.

See also photos and documents from Pennsylvania mining history.
Questions? Ask!
Morris County (NJ) Library
16 January 2005
for the men of the Sago Mine